WebMD Health News
Louise Chang, MD
Jan. 3, 2007 -- Paying to have a newborn's umbilical cord blood stored as an
insurance policy against future disease is a bad idea, says the nation's top
pediatric health group.
But new parents should donate cord blood for public use if they are able,
adds the group, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).
In a strongly worded policy statement, the AAP concluded that no scientific
evidence exists to support the practice of banking a newborn's umbilical cord
blood for his or her own later use.
Companies that bank umbilical cord blood argue that it may one day be
possible to use the stem cells in cord blood to treat an individual's diseased
heart or liver, repair an injured spinal cord, or for other uses.
But the AAP says the claim that stored cord blood can serve as
"biological insurance" against future disease has not borne out.
Private companies that make such claims prey on new parents at an
emotionally vulnerable time, William T. Shearer, MD, a pediatrics professor at
Baylor College of Medicine, in Houston, tells WebMD.
Parents are led to believe that a child's own cord blood can be useful later
if that child develops cancercancer or many other diseases. But this has not
been shown to be the case, Shearer says.
In fact, a child's own stored cord blood might not be considered safe for
use in the treatment of leukemialeukemia and many other conditions because
"most conditions that might be helped by cord blood stem cells already
exist in the infant's cord blood," according to the AAP statement.
Private cord blood banking costs $1500 to $2500 at the time of collection,
and most banks charge around $100 a year for storage.
"The web sites for these [cord blood banking] companies make you feel
like the worst parent in the world if you don't do this," Shearer says.
"But the idea that saving a baby's cord blood will protect him or her in
the future is just patently false."
Charles Sims, MD, president of the American Association of Family Cord Blood
Banks, agrees that some private cord blood banking companies have been less
than forthcoming about the immediate benefits of cord blood storage for donor
But he argues the AAP policy statement goes too far.
"You only have one chance to collect cord blood," Sims says.
"Future research may very well prove a value for this in terms of
regenerative medicine, so the decision should be made by individual families.
Families should not be told what to do."
While the AAP discouraged private cord blood banking in most instances,
there was one exception.
The group supports directed cord blood storage in cases where an older
sibling has a cancercancer or genetic condition that might be helped
by cord blood transplantation.
The pediatrics group also encourages families to donate their newborn's cord
blood to public banks if they have an opportunity to do so.
Public banks store cord blood to be made available for use by anyone who
Only a handful of hospitals across the nation currently allow cord blood
donation, but this may soon change, says pediatrician Bertram Lubin, MD
Recently enacted federal legislation is encouraging more hospitals to
institute programs to allow cord blood donation for public use.
Cord blood stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors has been proven
useful in the treatment of a variety of pediatric diseases, including cancers
and genetic illnesses. There is also promising research suggesting cord blood
could help treat adult disease.
"Combined cord blood from different donors looks very promising as an
alternative treatment for adults," says Lubin, president of Children's
Hospital Oakland Research Institute, in California.
The new AAP cord blood banking recommendations, which Lubin and Shearer
helped write, call on doctors and others who promote private, for-profit cord
blood banking to disclose any financial gains they derive from the procedure to
Prospective parents who are encouraged by their doctor or anyone else to pay
for directed cord blood banking should ask about financial conflicts of
interest, Shearer says.
"It is an unfortunate truth in medicine today that financial
considerations play an increasingly important role," he says. "That is
why patients have to educate themselves."
Lubin says parents who still want to bank their baby's cord blood for the
baby's own future use should be very careful about which company they
"I talk to parents who tell me they understand the AAP's position on
blood banking, but they say, 'I can afford it, so I am going to do it,'"
Lubin says. "I say, 'Fine, but be sure to find a place that does a good
SOURCES: AAP Policy Statement: "Cord Blood Banking for Potential Future
Transplantation." Pediatrics, January 2007, vol 119: pp 165-170.
Bertram Lubin, MD, FAAP, president, Children's Hospital Oakland Research
Institute, Oakland, Calif. William T. Shearer, MD, FAAP, professor of
pediatrics and immunology, Baylor College of Medicine; chief of allergy and
immunology service, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.
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